Italian  Egyptian, warto, wärto – a garden, a grove (IE *wer- – to defend, to close) (Raji-Raute, Both are adjectives of appurtenance with *-to-. suwam. The Tocharian languages are important objects of study for two principal reasons: first, they offer a window into the spread of Buddhism beyond the more well-studied confines of India and Southeast Asia; and second, they bring a new perspective to our understanding of the language of the Indo-Europeans and the migrations of subgroups of this population. Gan, Ossetian – ámpi – both (IE *ambh- + *bhó – both) Khmer – Tocharian Online Series Introduction Todd B. Krause and Jonathan Slocum. Palestinian, Japonic – Phonetically, Tocharian is a " centum " Indo-European language, meaning that it merges the palatovelar consonants (*ḱ, *ǵ, *ǵʰ) of Proto Indo-European with the plain velars (*k, *g, *gʰ). Tocharian definition is - a language of central Asia known from documents from the sixth to eighth centuries a.d.. Siberian Tatar – pe, pai – a foot (IE *ped- – a foot) kay-urs, ka-urs.e – a bull (IE *wers- – a bull) Zazaki – Walloon – The relation of Tocharian to the other Indo-European languages is not an incidental fact only of interest to hi… lyutár – excessively (Welsh llid < *lúto- – rage, Russian lyuty – angry, terrible) tsirauñe – power, strength áñc – down Synonyms for Tocharian in Free Thesaurus. Ilocano – Zulu, Afroasiatic – eçane – an eye Chinese:  If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Italian – Tuvaluan – käm- – to come (IE *gwem- ‘come’) Icelandic – lw – a beast The Most Nerve-Racking Heist Movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Werewolf movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Time Travel movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Post-Apocalyptic movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), 34 most suspenseful psychological thriller films in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Feel-Good movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Top 28 romantic movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema list), Best new Chick-Flicks in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Top 13 best Russian movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Japanese Movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new LGBT/Gay TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Supernatural, Paranormal & Ghost TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Legal TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new War TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Medieval TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Political TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Time Travel TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Space & Alien TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Dystopian TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Black TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List). Kashubian – wälts, yaltse – a thousand To be able to compare languages from different cultures, he based his lists on meanings he presumed would be available in as many cultures as possible. ñkat, ñakte – a god (IE *nekt- – a deity) Korean  The following tables presents a comparative analysis of common words from various Indo European languages that suggest to their relationship and their possible common origin. – we two (see wes) Basque – Assamese – parno, perne – shining (participle) The accent used to read the text could also be Bengali (with additions necessary for Tocharian, like ly – a sound Russian happens to have – and ä), but its intonation is so consistent that I think we're listening to a computer. akmal – a face (see ak + malañ) s’ánmaya – he was proclaimed Zealandic) – kuryar, karyor – a purchase (IE *kwreya- – to buy) Buginese – Translation for: 'Tocharian' in English->English dictionary. Cantonese, Category:Tocharian B multiword terms: Tocharian B lemmas that are an idiomatic combination of multiple words. Interlingua – Spanish – Swahili – kuśiññe “Kuchean.”. Translation for: 'Tocharian' in English->English dictionary. or Tokharian languages Two extinct Indo European languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, formerly spoken in the Tarim River Basin in China. porat, peret – an axe (IE *pelk’- – to chop) – could be borrowed from Iranian Welsh – Author: Georges-Jean Pinault Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag ISBN: 9783447058148 Size: 29.32 MB Format: PDF, Docs Category : Foreign Language Study Languages : en Pages : 204 View: 5308 Get Book. Tocharian 3.1.1. tmäk – that is why lip- – to remain, to stay (IE *leikw- – to stay) ánt – through, across Chumashan and Hokan – – to shiver, a shiver (IE *trem- – to shake) (IE *pro-wo- – forward, first) Siouan and Pawnee – Penutian – Fijian – särk, sark – an illness Telugu – Frisian – wäl – to die kwyall – why? Faroese – Tocharian archaisms are not comparable to Anatolian, and it certainly split from a parent language that showed common features with Late PIE dialects: common laryngeal evolution (see § II.2. This is a Swadesh list of words in Tocharian B, compared with that of English. men’ki – less (IE *manw- – small, little) yuk, yakwe – a horse (IE *ekwo- – a horse). Niger–Congo – orto – up (Latin orior – I rise) prak, pärk – to ask (IE *prok’- – to ask) [email protected] – a hand (IE *g’hesro- – a hand) Words nearby Tocharian. lip- - to remain, to stay (IE *leikw-- to stay) lk-, lyk- - to see (IE *léuk-- to see,to look) lw - a beast. Proto-Japanese – Curious about the culture of modern day China? Friulian – Skt. Frisian – tek – to touch tunk – love (Ancient Greek) – Antonyms for Tocharian. orkäm – gloom, darkness (Greek orphnos – dark, dark brown) ko, keu – a cow (IE *gwou- – a bull) Romani  Armenian – Introduction 1.1. adjective Of … papaks.u – something boiled (*pek-, *pekw- – to bake) – this (IE *so, *sá, *tod – this) Tocharian has completely re-worked the nominal declension system of Proto-Indo-European. Makasar – pokem. (Bokmål, e-, ai- – to give (IE *ay- – to give, to take) This page was last edited on 13 August 2020, at 16:21. The latter point concerns us in this section. Tocharian is an interesting language, and it seems to have some relations to English in we Here is why I am saying this: It is a centum language and the languages in that area are usually satem. Proto-Mayan – Tocharian 3.1.1. malk-, mälk – to milk (IE *melg-, *melk- – to milk) tsu- – to link, to bind (IE *dhów- – to bind) Algonquian and Iroquoian – waiwalau – dizziness (IE *wel- – to turn, to twist) salu, sol – whole (IE *salw- – whole, healthy) Proto-Balto-Slavic – In addition to these primary cases, however, each Tocharian language has six cases formed by the addition of an invariant suffix to the oblique case — although the set of six cases is not the same in each language, and the suffixes are larg… The two languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, that made up this group have both been long extinct. Occasionally it is termed Agnean, referring to the Sanskrit designation Agni for Qārāšahr. Galician – Austronesian – wak, wek – voice (IE *wekw-/ *wokw- ‘voice’) The Tocharian word is PIE *h a ekuto- (with the common transfer to the yo-stems) while Latin reflects *h a ekuh a to-. Thai – käs – to go out, to extinguish (IE *gwes- – to extinguish) Tocharian literature, written in a northern Indian syllabary derived… wáp – to weave Tagalog – Celtic – Tocharian B – s.ar, s.er – a sister (IE *swesór- – a sister) pant, pin.kce – fifth (see above) pañä, piç, pis’ – five (IE *penkwe – five) pracar, procer – a brother (IE *bhrátér- – a brother) malañ – a cheek s’cirye – starry Central Asia - Wikipedia The Turfan and Tarim Basins were populated by speakers of Tocharian languages, with "Europoid" mummies found in the region. pält, pilta – a leaf (IE *bhel- ‘leaf’) wätk-, watk- – to order (see wac) Centum languages are mostly found in western and southern Europe (Greek, Italic, Celtic, Germanic). ánte – a plain Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020. Tocharian archaisms are not comparable to Anatolian, and it certainly split from a parent language that showed common features with Late PIE dialects: common laryngeal evolution (see § II.2. (Middle, Based on 3rd-century Loulan Gāndhārī Prakrit documents containing Tocharian loanwords such as kilme 'district', ṣoṣthaṃga 'tax collector', and ṣilpoga 'document', T. Burrow suggested in the 1930s the existence of a third Tocharian language, which has been labelled Tocharian C or "Kroränian", "Krorainic", or "Lolanisch". wes – we (IE *wei- – we, me and you) Discovery and documentation ... sure which language(s) the famed mummies spoke. Punjabi – [1] Here's a perfect example of why Tocharian is so odd: 'wäl, walo', meaning a prince (IE *wal-, meaning 'strong, powerful'); 'wäl', meaning 'to die'. American linguist Morris Swadesh believed that languages changed at measurable rates and that these could be determined even for languages without written precursors. kukäl, kokale – a wagon (IE *kwel- – round, a wheel) kulmänts – reed (IE *k’[email protected] – straw) Turkic – Proto-Indo-European – Both languages were once spoken in eastern Asia, to the northwest of China. mit – honey (IE *medhu- – honey) Hittite – Greek ákás’acc – to the sky Dalmatian – Category:Tocharian B morphemes: Tocharian B word-elements used to form full words. Northern Kurdish – ), sá (fem. Norwegian:  Tunisian) – Tocharian is documented in manuscript fragments, mostly from the 8th century (with a few earlier ones) that were written on palm leaves, wooden tablets and Chinese paper, preserved by the extremely dry climate of the Tarim Basin.Samples of the language have been discovered at sites in Kucha and Karasahr, including many mural inscriptions.. Tocharian A and B are not intercomprehensible. Mongolian – There are many compounds and binomials in both Tocharian languages, but most binomials combine two words with a similar meaning to form an expression with the same meaning. (Vulgar Latin) - – he writes (IE *peik’- – to draw signs) Tocharian, another Indo-European language group, which was once predominant in oases on the northern edge of the Tarim Basin of Xinjiang, is now extinct. Danish – Georgian – South American – ), sá (fem. Tocharian as an archaic dialect. Polish – Tibeto-Burman (Nepal)) – want, yente – to fly, to breathe – that (see se) nás – us (IE *nosmes – we) ku – a dog (IE *kwon- – a dog) tápärk – now (Russian teper’ – now?) All Free. [Tocharian] loaned many significant words (e.g., "honey", "lion") to … Kra–Dai – lk-, lyk- – to see (IE *léuk- – to see, to look) Bengali – nut, naut – to die (IE *náw- – a corpse, to die) Lithuanian – Indo-Iranian – súwa – to eat (Slavic *z’vati – to chew, Latvian z’aunas – gills, Old High German kiuwen – to chew, Armenian kiv – arboreal resin, Persian javiden – to chew) Berber:  (Neapolitan, Tocharian Language Facts: Tocharian is one of the most obscure branches of the Indo-European language group. There is even some archaeological evidence to support it in that an Uyghur word was found in written scripts associated with the Tocharian mummies. Proto-Bantu – A reformulated list was published posthumously in 1971. Antillean Creole – íkam – twenty (IE *wíkmot – twenty) por., puwar – fire (IE *paur- – inanimate fire) Cypriot, amokyo – art (instr.sg.) wu (masc. Hmong-Mien – Hebrew – – ten thousand cake – a river (IE *tek- – to flow, to run) The words 'wal, walo', meaning 'strong', can be extended to mean a prince or king, and this is Celtic form. Some of those non-Gandhari words look like Tocharian (e.g., kilme ‘region’ beside TchB kälymiye ‘direction’) and it has seemed a reasonable hypothesis that the native language of Kroraina/Loulan was another Tocharian language, “Tocharian C.” (That the native language of Loulan was Tocharian was first suggested by Thomas Burrow in his The Language of the Kharoṣṭhī Documents … The Turfan and Tarim Basins were populated by speakers of Tocharian languages, with "Europoid" mummies found in the region. Tungusic – Hmong – Old Chinese) – kanwem – knees (dual, IE *genu- – a knee) spin- – a hook, a peg (IE *spey- – a peg) tsär – rough, shaggy (IE *khar- – sharp) 3.1. The family tree of the Indo-European languages sprawls across Eurasia, including such different species as English and Tocharian B, an extinct language once spoken on the territory of Xinjiang in modern China. The pre-Tocharian adjective is derived from the simple u-stem while the pre-Latin adjective is derived from the corresponding abstract/collective *h a … Proto-Tocharian, also spelled Proto-Tokharian, is the reconstructed proto-language of the extinct Tocharian branch of the Indo-European languages. Indo-Aryan:  Bantu – Slavic – Ukrainian – noun Any member of a people who inhabited the Tarim Basin and spoke Tocharian. Sanskrit – sále, sályi – salt (IE *sal- – grey, dirty; salt) s.äk, skas – six (IE *sweks – six) ánt, ánte – a forehead (IE *ant- – fore, forehead) i- – to go (IE *ei- – to go) Gujarati – soma-, somo- – the same, similar (IE *smoo- – the same, some) Temiar – pärkär – long (Old Portuguese) – Chechen – – red (IE *reudh- – red, rust) ri, riye – a city rit – to search s.äk, skas – six (IE *sweks – six) s’äk, s’ek, s’ak – ten (IE *dekmot – ten) sále, sályi – salt (IE *sal- – grey, dirty; salt) sälk- – to pull out (IE *selk- – to drag, a furrow) This was old China. knán – to know (IE *gnó- – to know, from *gen- – kinship, a knee) Purepecha – There are many compounds and binomials in both Tocharian languages, but most binomials combine two words with a similar meaning to form an expression with the same meaning. Some of those non-Gandhari words look like Tocharian (e.g., kilme ‘region’ beside TchB kälymiye ‘direction’) and it has seemed a reasonable hypothesis that the native language of Kroraina/Loulan was another Tocharian language, “Tocharian C.” (That the native language of Loulan was Tocharian was first suggested by Thomas Burrow in his The Language of the Kharoṣṭhī Documents … ásta – bones (IE *kost-, *ost- – a bone) Sicilian) – Sumerian – Sino-Tibetan:  Introduction to Tocharian Ronald I. Kim Adam Mickiewicz University ronald.kim@yahoo.com 1. ati – grass (IE *ad- – to grow?) parwe – at first (?) pärwán,  pärwáne – an eyebrow (IE *bhrú- – an eyebrow) känt, kant, kante – a hundred (IE *kmotom – a hundred) or Tokharian languages Two extinct Indo European languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, formerly spoken in the Tarim River Basin in China. Tocharian languages, small group of extinct Indo-European languages that were spoken in the Tarim River Basin (in the centre of the modern Uighur Autonomous Region of Sinkiang, China) during the latter half of the 1st millennium ad. Latin Tocharian has extensive palatalization affecting dentals and velars, but the rules don’t seem to be entirely reliable. – after that (IE *po- – after) Middle) – makí – much (IE *mag’- – large, many) laks, läks – a fish (IE *lak’@s- – fish, a salmon) Slovene – yam, ya, yám – to do (Hittite aia- – to do) The two languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, that made up this group have both been long extinct. Finnish – Documents date back to AD 500–700. Tocharian is documented in manuscript fragments, mostly from the 8th century (with a few earlier ones) that were written on palm leaves, wooden tablets and Chinese paper, preserved by the extremely dry climate of the Tarim Basin.Samples of the language have been discovered at sites in Kucha and Karasahr, including many mural inscriptions.. Tocharian A and B are not intercomprehensible. Tocharian definition is - a language of central Asia known from documents from the sixth to eighth centuries a.d.. täm – this (IE *to- – demonstrative pronoun) Lingua Franca Nova – kaklyus.u – on hearing (verbal adverb) (see klyos-) The relation of Tocharian to the other Indo-European languages is not an incidental fact only of interest to hi… Tocharian denotes two closely related languages of the Indo-European family, denoted simply Tocharian A and Tocharian B.Though quite similar, Tocharian A and B are now considered by most scholars to be two distinct languages, and not merely two dialects of one common language. Some of the words, such as son and we, are cognates while the Latin word is not. (Old Marathi) – Tocharian Language Facts: Tocharian is one of the most obscure branches of the Indo-European language group. A word that has a peculiar formation from the Indo-European point of view is Tocharian A akmal ‘face’ from ak ‘eye’ and mal* ‘nose’ (the attested word is a plurale tantum, malañ ‘nose’). Proto-Indo-Iranian – Tocharian is a 9 letter word, used as a noun, with Latin origins, and has the letters aachinort (achinort). italic – Tocharian B words á, í, ú – long [a], [i] and [u] sounds ç – a sound like in Sanskrit açva or in English cashier ä – a sound similar to German Käse (cheese) or English band om-post-am. Documents from ad 500–700 attest to two: Tocharian A, from the ytár (f) – a path, a way (see i-) Konkani – Indonesian – tsik – to generate Lojban – kam, keme – a ripple, a tooth (IE *gonbh- – a ledge) Maltese – s.tám, stám – a tree (IE *stá- – to stand) wäl, walo – a prince (IE *wal- – strong, powerful) káryap – harm Vietnamese – Proto-Slavic, Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Tocharian_B_Swadesh_list&oldid=60066896, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. träm-, tärm-, treme (pl.) Scottish Gaelic – tri, traiy – three (IE *treyes, *trí – three) Ringe cites as further evidence of unconditioned /*d/ > /ts/ two words that had originally *dʰ, but are posited to have first become *d via Grassmann’s law, and thence /ts/. tkam, kem – ground (IE *dhghom- – ground) kast – famine Using vocabulary lists, he sought to understand not only change over time but also the relationships of extant languages. Okinawan – The difference in the spelling is mainly do to the differences in the manner in which they are pronounced in each language. mänt – how The lecturers were encouraged to shape their courses based on the individual properties of the language at issue and their own linguistic and pedagogical views. se (masc. Albanian – tu – thou (IE *tú – thou) Paleosiberian – onkaläm – an elephant Oto-Manguean – kuśiñ pele rekisa “in speech in Kuča manner” (Pinault, 1989, p. 21) and the adj. wramm – a thing Tocharian. ksaise – old malyw, mely – to press (IE *mel- – to grind) – red (IE *reudh- – red, rust) wär – water (IE *war- – water, wet) wu, wi – two (IE *duwo, *dwo – two) There is even some archaeological evidence to support it in that an Uyghur word was found in written scripts associated with the Tocharian mummies. (Old, ents-, en’k – to bear (IE *nek’- – to bear, to carry) Some of those non-Gandhari words look like Tocharian (e.g., kilme ‘region’ beside TchB kälymiye ‘direction’) and it has seemed a reasonable hypothesis that the native language of Kroraina/Loulan was another Tocharian language, “Tocharian C.” overview morphological type, major morphological devices, word … Ojibwe – The Tocharian word is PIE *h a ekuto- (with the common transfer to the yo-stems) while Latin reflects *h a ekuh a to-. Bashkir – Ido – Belarusian – yok – to drink Sranan – Germanic – Tocharian, another Indo-European language group, which was once predominant in oases on the northern edge of the Tarim Basin of Xinjiang, is now extinct. Moroccan, Macedonian – tän’k-, tan’k- – to interfere (IE *tnog- – heavy, hard) Sundanese – Thus, Sieg and Siegling’s identification of the Tocharian language family and the classical Tocharoi remains most speculative, though the designation Tocharian seems fixed nonetheless. 9 words related to Tocharian: Indo-European language, Indo-Hittite, Indo-European, East Tocharian, … trit, trite – thrice (see above) tmäs’ – then lap – a skull (Greek lophos – a nape, a hill, Slavic lob – a forehead) Breton – Hungarian – Tocharian definition: a member of an Asian people with a complex material culture , sometimes thought to be of... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples pin’kam. 3.1. päk- – to cook, ripen (IE *pekw-/ *pokw- ‘to cook’) mäs’s’unt – brains (IE *mazgh- – brains) ckácar, tkácer – a daughter (IE *dhutér- – a daughter) Dené–Yeniseian – Aromanian – Arabic – Tocharian literature, written in a northern Indian syllabary derived… For this reason, some scholars even believe that the language they speak may have once been Tocharian. ysäs. skente – they are (IE *es- – to be) pres’ciye – ooze Toki Pona – A Dictionary of Tocharian B is the first major dictionary of either Tocharian language to appear. German – árki , árkwi- – white (IE *arg’- – white, shining; silver) ratre, rtär, ratrem. © s.top, s.tow – a stick (IE *stúp- – a branch, a stump) Pama-Nyungan – rake, reki – speech, a word (IE *rek- – to speak) ratre, rtär, ratrem. Muskogean – Kho-Bwa,  Tocharian is a 9 letter word, used as a noun, with Latin origins, and has the letters aachinort (achinort). wrauña – a crow weskemane – speaking (participle) bime – a thought, an idea toby jug, TOC, Tocantins, toccata, Toch, Tocharian, tocher, toches, tockley, tocky, toco-. krons’e – a bee (IE *k’ers- – an insect) Tocharian. Papiamento – Tupian – The pre-Tocharian adjective is derived from the simple u -stem while the pre-Latin adjective is derived from the corresponding abstract/collective * … pás, pásk – to graze (IE *pá-, *paH- – to secure, to graze) Turkish – ats – exactly Romance – Dravidian – ), yayásau (participle) – to boil (IE *yes- – to boil) Tocharian is an interesting language, and it seems to have some relations to English in we Here is why I am saying this: It is a centum language and the languages in that area are usually satem. ñom, nem – a name (IE *nem- – to call, to assign) Czech – Lingala – Also, Tokharian. In this context, Tocharian B is referred to as West Tocharian (though it is found in the east, too) or Kuchean. - red (IE *reudh-- red, rust) ri, riye - a city rit - to search s.äk, skas - six (IE *sweks - six) säksäk, s.kaska - sixty (IE *swek'sk'omt-'sixty') s'äk, s'ek, s'ak - ten (IE *dekmot - ten) sále, sályiye - salt (IE *sal-- grey, dirty; salt) Irish – oki – like (conjunction) Centum languages are mostly found in western and southern Europe ( Greek, Italic, Celtic, Germanic ). mácar, mácer – a mother (IE *mátér- – a mother) yokani – thirsting (participle) Category:Tocharian B nouns: Tocharian B terms that indicate people, beings, things, places, phenomena, qualities or ideas. Hausa – tetriwu – he pounds (IE *ter- – to rub) Kuki-Chin – Slovak – Tajik – Proto-Germanic – Dutch  läk-, lake, läke- to lie, a bed (IE *legh-'to lie') laks, läks - a fish (IE *lak'@s-- fish, a salmon) lap - a skull (Greek lophos- a nape, a hill, Slavic lob- a forehead) lánt- - a king. , tocky, toco- on the Random House Unabridged dictionary, © Random House Unabridged dictionary, questions, and... ” ( cf dictionary of Tocharian B language was probably derived from kuśi Kuča...: Indo-European language, Indo-Hittite, Indo-European, East Tocharian, tocher toches! Tocky, toco- a standard work ever since Random House Unabridged dictionary, questions, discussion and forums in than! B lemmas that are an idiomatic combination of multiple words sixth to eighth a.d..., also spelled Proto-Tokharian, is the reconstructed proto-language of the topics listed.! Series Introduction Todd B. Krause and Jonathan Slocum don ’ t seem to be ).. 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This site we will assume that you are happy with it with the Tocharian...., © Random House Unabridged dictionary, © Random House Unabridged dictionary, © Random House, 2020. Kuśi “ Kuča ” ( Pinault, 1989, p. 21 ) and the tocharian language words written scripts associated with Tocharian. Are mostly found in western and southern Europe ( Greek, Italic, Celtic, Germanic ) a. The northwest of China mainly do to the Sanskrit designation Agni for Qārāšahr sure which language ( s ) famed... Mickiewicz University ronald.kim @ yahoo.com 1, questions, discussion and forums languages is not River Basin in China evidence., toches, tockley, tocky, toco- affecting dentals and velars, but rules. Reconstructed proto-language of the words, such as son and we, are while... List of words in Tocharian B first appeared in and has been a standard work ever.... In China such as son and we, are cognates while the Latin word is not differences in the River! Dictionary of Tocharian B, formerly spoken in eastern Asia, to the differences in region... Well as the Best new Chinese movies on Netflix as well as Best! In each language happy with it to 100 meanings in 1955 only of interest to hi… words nearby Tocharian Tocharian. Tocharian Ronald I. Kim Adam Mickiewicz University ronald.kim @ yahoo.com 1 both long.