Eastern and western ideals of happiness complete 1. The Individual. One of the main contrasts within this diversity of cultures is the differences between the East and the West. For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to "know thyself".Lao Tzu, in his Tao Te Ching, says "Knowing others is wisdom.. Knowing the self is enlightenm Western educational systems put stress on the ideas of creativity. In Eastern philosophy , though, the self is often treated as an illusion. Eastern and Western cultures differ … Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. By Brian Yan 10C Conclusion Personally I like Eastern Philosophy more because of its different approach on viewing certain ideas and how you need both sides of an idea in the answer. Collectivism, in my interpretation, embraces so to say Eastern style of life. From Eastern perspectives, however, the ego is a social fiction. While there are important variations and distinct differences within these regions … Eastern Self/Western Self By Linda Heuman May 08, 2013. Ulrich Steinvorth, Rethinking the Western Understanding of the Self, Cambridge UP, 2009, 222pp., $26.99 (pbk) ISBN 9780521757072. Through all his history Eastern people lived in communities. We in the West are quite concerned these days with how to make the dharma authentically Western. Individualism is Western idea and, in my opinion, is a cultural phenomenon not existing outside Western world. Cultural psychologists Hazel Rose Markus and Alana Conner studied different ways of being, or what they term the independent and interdependent selves. Private self-consciousness refers to the tendency to introspect about our inner thoughts and feelings; public self-consciousness refers to the tendency to focus on our outer public image and the standards set by others. “Conceptual self” (Neisser, 1997), “Relational Self” (Jordan, 1991), “Public and private selves” (Morin, 1998) have just been a few amongst the many terms offered in the explanation of the ways people perceive themselves and their world. Eastern Culture vs Western Culture Essay Sample. There are cultural differences in self-consciousness: public self-consciousness may be higher in Eastern than in Western cultures. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. • Eastern culture believes that the key to success is through spiritual means. You will see, that here, people live for the others, but in the Western culture, people should live for themselves only. To sum up, as I tried to prove individualism and collectivism are mutually exclusive terms. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. We all have a belief that he different philosophy will melt with each other rather than against in the future. It poses problems central to philosophy of mind, epistemology, phenomenology, psychology, and ethics. Markus and Conner looked at a range of environments, from class- room participation to ways of parenting, between students from Eastern and Western cultures. For the Western culture, the person is on the first place, but if we compare it with the Eastern culture, there the person is not on the first place. Various scholars and institutions of higher learning have maintained arbitrary divisions in the eastern and western philosophy. Comparison of Western and Oriental Thought is a book written by Sierran sociologist Mark Culler and published in 1904 which has been identified as the most influential book in Sierra, and one of the most important sociological books in the 20th century. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Understanding the Self - Western/Eastern Thoughts. In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. Introduction Summary Literary Devices Eastern and Western Philosophy Themes By Asma Khan 3. compassion of a philosopher. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. Western Thoughts on the Filipino Families affect also their past times, relationship between parent and child, faith, religion, lifestyle and values. Yozan Dirk Mosig University of Nebraska at Kearney Abstract The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. The title of this paper was “Uniting Eastern Philosophy and Western Science” (1992). The most important characteristic of the Eastern world view - one could almost say the essence of it - is the awareness of the unity and mutual interrelation of all things and events, the experience of all phenomena in the world as manifestations of a basic oneness. It … However, both philosophies have the goal of finding out the meaning and purpose in the life and path of an individual Eastern concepts of the ego differ from Western concepts. It is without doubt a Hispanic country, with a strong Spanish cultural background blending in with the Native Malay culture and other ethnic cultures. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Contents of the video belong to its rightful owner. A critical Analysis 2. No Copyright infringement intended. Eastern world refers to countries in the Asia and Middle East whereas Western world refers to North and South America, Europe, Australia and New Zeeland. Hence these Eastern accounts of self do not so much provide a rival set of answers to the questions asked in the West as suggest that there may be other questions worth asking. 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada memmi.daniel@uqam.ca Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. In analyzing a mythological work, a proper understanding of the nature of the self and its relation to the Cosmos is essential. Self-Knowledge In Eastern and Western Philosophies The pursuit of self-knowledge has an impressive philosophical pedigree both in the East and the West. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Sigmund Freud, for example, introduced the structural model of the psychic apparatus, part … Of course, the system being a system means that many things are unified, but still, it usually does its best to promote individual approaches to different students. • Different cultures and varying. Before we start inventing a new flavor of Buddhism to suit Western palettes, it is important to look closely at the implicit assumptions we are bringing to this project. For exaxmple i have learnt that Similarities and differences in society. There is no division between eastern or western … Ancient Eastern Philosophy On the Ancient Wisdom of Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism & Confucianism. Eastern education is all about effort and struggle – … Western heritage: The western tradition is commonly acknowledged to be “imbued with a style of Speaker: Mary Ana Seline Angoluan, MA, RPm In the West, the ego (regardless of the various ways in which theorists define it) is seen as central to identity and personality. THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHTS The Self from other culture and country There are a lot of sources in which you can analyze the perspectives of each culture and country about the concept of “SELF” You can see it in their literature like how one culture depicts a hero, or villain in their stories. • Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. The world we live in is made out of a vast differing quality of distinctive societies. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Eastern and Western concepts of the self are diametrically opposite. Alan Watts, the late British philosopher, proposed that there were two great myths of the self—myth here not used in the sense of something false, but rather as a way of interpreting oneself and one’s reality. Start studying The Self in Western and Oriental/Eastern Thought. The concept of self has gone through significant changes over the last 100 years. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. Main Difference – Eastern vs Western Culture. The stream of his brilliant mind ideas make the core of this essay. The Western And Eastern Traditions Essay 2396 Words 10 Pages As a result of their different views on the ontology of the original creation, the Western and Eastern traditions greatly differ in their understandings of the concept of being created in God’s image, as … The eastern and western philosophy present similar issues when it comes to the idea of the state of being a human being. Both western and eastern philosophy has lots of simliarities too. The Self Every situation that an individual is exposed to throughout life, helps mold our “self.” As humans we have the ability to see ourselves from the outside, and all through life we try to see what others see and our “self” revolves around the generalized other. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. Eastern and Western philosophy need to learn from each other, as it is the only way to recognize the advantages and disadvantages of themselves. In Western society, the individual rules. environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern-vs-Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. 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